One professor begins his class on marriage by saying that marriage is a three-ring circus.
First there is the engagement ring then the wedding ring and then comes the suffering. And they laugh and think that it is a joke! I wish I had heard that when I was first married. In marriage two become one. It is this very intimacy which is both the ecstasy and agony of marriage, its greatest pleasure and heaviest burden. There is no greater suffering than that which is caused by love.
Two become one but they must remain two; two well defined, unique persons who do not try to manipulate or seek to be submissive. Each must respect the conscience, uniqueness and freedom of the other and share equally in the responsibility. Many marriages fail because the partners do not realize that marriage is a career. And like all careers it demands long preparation, hard work and self-sacrifice.
Marriage is not only a career it is a multiple career. Teaching, for example, is a great career. There is no teaching done anywhere, in the elementary, secondary, college or post graduate systems, not all of it put together, can come close to the teaching that is done in the family, especially in the first three years of life. Or think of a sculptor. It is true that the parents would have had a lot of influence of the husband of their daughters but the girl would have an idea of who he would be.
It was more a matter of agreement than completely arranging the whole thing with the girl being oblivious to it all. She illustrates that she loves Jack mainly because she thinks his name is Ernest. Whilst her mother is basing her decision on Jacks money, status and birthright; Gwendolen is basing her marriage on a name.
Even though the later seems the more absurd, Wilde may also be demonstrating that permitting marriage on the grounds of birthright is just as ridiculous as it is true that one cannot help what one is named or into which family one is born. Divorces are made in Heaven. Accessed October 18, We will write a custom paper sample on Divorces are made in Heaven specifically for you. Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours 23 : 59 : If you contact us after hours, we'll get back to you in 24 hours or less.
United States , the Supreme Court ruled against the Latter-day Saints: religious belief was protected by law, religious practice was not. Monogamy was the only form of marriage sanctioned by the state. Latter-day Saints sincerely desired to be loyal citizens of the United States, which they considered a divinely founded nation. Confronted with these contradictory allegiances, Church leaders encouraged members to obey God rather than man. Many Latter-day Saints embarked on a course of civil disobedience during the s by continuing to live in plural marriage and to enter into new plural marriages.
Between and , Utah was a territory of the U. In , the U.
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Polygamous men went into hiding, sometimes for years at a time, moving from house to house and staying with friends and relatives. Others assumed aliases and moved to out-of-the-way places in southern Utah, Arizona, Canada, and Mexico. This antipolygamy campaign created great disruption in Mormon communities. The departure of husbands left wives and children to tend farms and businesses, causing incomes to drop and economic recession to set in. The campaign also strained families. New plural wives had to live apart from their husbands, their confidential marriages known only to a few.
Pregnant women often chose to go into hiding, at times in remote locales, rather than risk being subpoenaed to testify in court against their husbands. Children lived in fear that their families would be broken up or that they would be forced to testify against their parents. Some children went into hiding and lived under assumed names. They testified that God was humbling and purifying His covenant people as He had done in ages past. George Q.
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Cannon, a counselor in the First Presidency, emerged from his five months in the Utah penitentiary rejuvenated. The Church completed and dedicated two temples during the antipolygamy campaign, a remarkable achievement. Between and , most Apostles and stake presidents were in hiding or in prison. After federal agents began seizing Church property in accordance with the Edmunds-Tucker legislation, management of the Church became more difficult.
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After two decades of seeking either to negotiate a change in the law or avoid its disastrous consequences, Church leaders began to investigate alternative responses. In and they established settlements in Mexico and Canada, outside the jurisdiction of U. Hoping that a moderation in their position would lead to a reduction in hostilities, Church leaders advised plural husbands to live openly with only one of their wives, and advocated that plural marriage not be taught publicly. In , Church authorities prohibited the performance of new plural marriages in Utah. Church leaders prayerfully sought guidance from the Lord and struggled to understand what they should do.
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Both President John Taylor and President Wilford Woodruff felt the Lord directing them to stay the course and not renounce plural marriage. This inspiration came when paths for legal redress were still open. The last of the paths closed in May , when the U. Supreme Court upheld the constitutionality of the Edmunds-Tucker Act, allowing the confiscation of Church property to proceed. Burdened by this threat, he prayed intensely over the matter. The Manifesto was carefully worded to address the immediate conflict with the U.
The members of the Quorum of the Twelve varied in their reactions to the Manifesto. Franklin D. John W.
The Manifesto was formally presented to the Church at the semiannual general conference held in the Salt Lake Tabernacle in October On Monday, October 6, Orson F. Rank-and-file Latter-day Saints accepted the Manifesto with various degrees of reservation.
Many were not ready for plural marriage to come to an end. General Relief Society president Zina D. But the full implications of the Manifesto were not apparent at first; its scope had to be worked out, and authorities differed on how best to proceed. Grant explained. Nevertheless, many practical matters had to be settled.
The Manifesto was silent on what existing plural families should do. On their own initiative, some couples separated or divorced as a result of the Manifesto; other husbands stopped cohabiting with all but one of their wives but continued to provide financial and emotional support to all dependents. Believing that the covenants they made with God and their spouses had to be honored above all else, many husbands, including Church leaders, continued to cohabit with their plural wives and fathered children with them well into the 20th century.
But these threats were markedly diminished after The Manifesto marked a new relationship with the federal government and the nation: prosecution of polygamists declined, plural wives came out of hiding and assumed their married names, and husbands interacted more freely with their families, especially after U. It said nothing about the laws of other nations. Ever since the opening of colonies in Mexico and Canada, Church leaders had performed plural marriages in those countries, and after October , plural marriages continued to be quietly performed there.
Either one or both of the spouses who entered into these unions typically had to agree to remain in Canada or Mexico. Under exceptional circumstances, a smaller number of new plural marriages were performed in the United States between and , though whether the marriages were authorized to have been performed within the states is unclear.
The precise number of new plural marriages performed during these years, inside and outside the United States, is unknown. Sealing records kept during this period typically did not indicate whether a sealing was monogamous or plural, making an exhaustive calculation difficult.